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Job Tyler instagator, Mary Tyler a Witch, let the witch hunts begin

Happy Halloween or rather All Hallows’ Eve, or even better yet i bid you good Samhain.

 Recently doing my Family tree research, i found out we had witches in the Family tree,

There’s an incredible account of it here.  This is an 18 page account written by Bruce M. Tyler and is definitely worth taking the time to read.  There is also an excellent website here with a ton of great information.

Job Tyler, b. 1619  is my 8th great grand uncle.  Job was the first Tyler, seems to be the first from this branch, to come to America, settling in or near Andover, Massachusetts.  By my interpretation, Job

was a salty kind of guy who always felt he was getting the short end of the stick and wasn’t afraid to use the court system, or other means, to try to get his due.  Job and his wife Mary had 6 children.  Job himself used the accusation of witchcraft to try to settle a score with his lifelong nemesis, John Godfrey.
But it was Job’s son Moses who really started stirring the pot in May of 1692.  Most people associate the witch hunt and subsequent trials with Salem Massachusetts, but there was quite a bit of activity going on in Andover, about a 35 minute drive by car today.  For whatever reason, Moses turned on several of his own family members, and is thought to have been the primary conspirator (one of twelve) in Andover.  It’s impossible to say how a family member could turn on several other family members, knowing the punishment of a conviction is death.
In all, 11 family members were accused.  Here is the list:

July 28 Mary Tyler Post Bridges, 48; Job’s daughter, Moses’ sister
August 2 Mary Post, 28; Mary’s daughter
August 25 Susannah Post, 31; Mary’s stepdaughter
August 25 Hannah Post, 26;Mary’s daughter
August 25 Sarah Bridges, 17; Mary’s stepdaughter
August 25 Mary Bridges, Jr., 13; Mary’s daughter
August 31 Mary Parker, 55; John Tyler’s (Job’s son) mother-in-law
September 7 Mary Lovett Tyler, 40; Hopestill Tyler’s (Job’s son) wife
September 7 Hannah Tyler, 14; Mary and Hopestill’s daughter
September 7 Joanna Tyler, 11; Mary and Hopestill’s daughter
September 7 Martha Tyler, 11; Mary and Hopestill’s daughter

 Hopestill and Mary (Lovett) Tyler are my 7th great grand uncle.  Hopestill was Moses’ brother.
On September 22, 1692, 4 witches from Andover were executed.  It was shortly after this that this hysteria began to create not only societal issues, but also a financial burden.  Part of the legal system then mandated the suspected witches were responsible financially for their charges whether they were found guilty or not.  The effect was that entire families were being put into financial ruins.
It’s at this point, in January of 1693 that Hopestill Tyler posted bond for his family members.  Of the eleven family members imprisoned, one, Mary Parker was hanged.

The following is a digest of the ” recantation ” obtained from Hopestill Tyler’s wife by the Rev. Increase Mather, the same being followed by Bailey’s Sketches of Andover, pp. 222 and 223.
” Goodwife Tyler did say, that when she was first apprehended, she had no fears upon her, & did think, that nothing could have made her confess against herself. But, since, she has found to her great grief, that she had wronged the truth & falsely accused herself.” When she was being taken from her home in Andover to prison in Salem, her brother-in-law Bridges rode beside her; and, during the memorable ride, told her that she must be a ” witch,” because the afflicted were raised out of their fits ” by her touch.” She stoutly denied the accusation, and begged him not to urge her to confess. But, arrived at Salem (shall we not rather say, temporary ” Pandemonium”?), she had to combat, not only a stubbornly misguided brother on one side, but also on her other side, ” John Emerson “; which latter stoutly took up the cudgel of accusation, on calling her a witch, declaring he could see the Devil before her eyes, whereupon, with his hands, he proceeded to beat him off. In short, her persecutors so harassed her for confession, that she would have “preferred a dungeon,” to their presence. Finally, they threatened to leave her; declaring that, in such event, she would be undone body and soul forever. To their reiterations, that she ” could not lie by confessing,” she retorted, ” I shall lie, if I confess; and then, who shall answer unto God for my lie? ” Their final resort always was, ” You will be hanged, if you do not confess! ” In short, they so protracted their unmerciful treatment, that the poor woman began to doubt her very life and reason: whereupon they proceed to have her ” agree to say ” what they should ” suggest.” But, in her real ” confession” to Rev. Mather, she insisted, ” she wronged her conscience in so doing, was guilty of a great sin in belying herself & desired to mourn for it so long as she lived.” And the said Mather adds, ” Her affliction, sorrow, relenting, grief and mourning, exceeds any pen to describe and express the same.”


MARY TYLER wife of Hopestill Tyler of Andover, Blacksmith, being Indicted by the Jurors for or Soveraigne Lord and Lady the King and Queen upon these Oaths. try these Severall Indictments. That is to say; 1st—For that shee the said Mary Tyler wife of Hopestill Tyler of Andover in the County of Essex, Blacksmith, about seaven Years since in the Town of Andover aforesaid wickedly Malitiously and ffeloniously a covenant with the Devill did make and signed the Devills Book, and promised to serve the Devill as long as she lived &c. &c. The Jury went out to agree on their verdict, who returning did then and there in open Court deliver their Verdict. That the said Mary Tyler was Not Guilty of the ffellony by witchcraft for which shee stood Indicted in & by the said Indictments, and each of them. The Court ordered Mary Tyler aforesaid to be discharged paying her ffees.
The Tyler Family and the Salem Witchcraft Trials
In 1692 the Tyler family of Andover found itself both victim and accuser in the witchcraft hysteria centered in Salem Village (now Danvers, Massachusetts – not present day Salem). The web site, WITCHCRAFT IN SALEM VILLAGE, contains on-line the accusations, confessions and other original documents related to the witchcraft trials. This account is taken from those documents.
Two Tyler women were caught in the web of suspicion that swept out of Salem Village and into surrounding towns and villages, until more than 150 persons found themselves accused of witchcraft. The two Tyler women were Mary (Lovett) Tyler, wife of Hopestill Tyler, and Johanna (Hannah) Tyler, Hopestill’s daughter. Hopestill Tyler was the son of immigrant ancestor Job Tyler.
During the Andover scare, Moses Tyler and Joseph Tyler, son and grandson of Job Tyler accused three men and two women of Andover of witchcraft. Not much else is known about their part in the witchcraft hysteria that came to Andover.

WITCHCRAFT IN Mary Lovett Tyler, VILLAGE gives the following brief account of the start of “The Witchcraft Delusion.”
“In early 1692, Rev. [Samuel] Parris’s 9-year-old daughter Elizabeth, 12-year-old niece Abigail Williams, as well as other neighborhood girls began to fall into horrid fits. Their parents tried to discover what was causing their distress, and village doctor William Griggs gave his opinion that the girls were the victims of witchcraft. Put upon to tell who was causing their afflictions, the girls finally accused three village women, and warrants were sworn out for the arrest of Sarah Osburn, Sarah Good and Parris’s slave, Tituba.
“On March 1, 1692, magistrates John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin conducted an examination at the Meeting House. Sarah Good and Sarah Osburn were separately examined and as they answered the questions put to them, the “afflicted” girls went into horrific fits. To all present, the girls were obviously victims of these women’s witchcraft. Though the two protested their own innocence, Tituba unraveled a confession of meeting with the devil and stating there were still other witches in the neighborhood. This evidence was sufficient for the magistrates, and the three women were jailed. The girls’ afflictions did not abate, however, and still more villagers became “afflicted.”
“Soon more accusations were made, and by the end of March Church members Martha Cory and Rebecca Nurse were also arrested, examined and jailed. No longer were just the lowly being accused, but people formerly in good standing in the community. By May, scores of “witches,” both men and women, had been examined in Salem Village, and jails were being filled with up to 150 accused persons from many towns including Salem, Topsfield and Andover. Dozens of people under excruciating religious, civil and family pressures found themselves confessing to being witches.
“In May, Governor William Phips called a special court to try the cases of those accused witches who had not confessed. Convening in Salem in June 1692, the court quickly condemned Bridget Bishop to death. During July, August and September 18 people, including Nurse, Good and Cory were hanged.

In addition, one man, Giles Cory of Salem Farms, died under torture. At least 5 others including Sarah Osburn died in jail. By the new year the colony was becoming exhausted with the witchcraft frenzy, and learned persons were speaking against the validity of “spectral evidence” being used in court. When the trials resumed, this former evidence was disallowed and proof was insufficient to condemn any other accused. The witch horror was over. Of the 19 people who were executed during this tragic yet heroic period, 12 came from the Salem Village area, dying rather than confessing to what they had not done.”


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